Le varieta’ per il nuovo orto

23 Feb

Finalmente l’inventario delle sementi e’ pronto. Non conoscendo appieno le condizioni climatiche e le caratteristiche specifiche del suolo di quelli che saranno i miei nuovi orti, non e’ stata impresa facile cercare di fare una selezione tra le tantissime varieta’ disponibili. Alle mie preferite, al top per sapore e prestazione, si sono aggiunte nuove varieta’ da testare, tutte ad impollinazione aperta (non ibridi), molte di queste varieta’ antiche. Sapore (soprattutto), tempi di maturazione (almeno una varieta’ precoce o a crescita veloce – qualora possibile – per ogni ortaggio) e robustezza sono stati i miei principali criteri di scelta. Bene. Ora non mi resta che aspettare meta’ marzo, data in cui inizieranno i nuovi lavori …. Nel frattempo pianifico e mi documento. C’e’ da pensare anche alle piante perenni, agli alberi e ai fiori. Quando guardo la lista delle annuali, che troverete in questo post, spesso mi domando quante varieta’ riusciro’ alla fine a seminare quest’anno. Quando poi scendo alla voce ‘pomodori’ di una cosa rimango invece certa: con piu’ di 25 varieta’ in inventario mi sono davvero fatta prendere (come al solito) un po’ troppo la mano!

Iniziamo con le mie varieta’ preferite (alcune menzionate gia’ in un paio di post – qui e qui): 

Fagioli di Spagna varieta' Prizewinner

Fagioli di Spagna varieta’ Prizewinner

La zucca Buttercup. Potrei scrivere un’ode sulla Buttercup. Densa, soda, gustosa, castagnosa. E’ perfetta! Io vado pazza persino della buccia! Ogni anno riesce, non so’ davvero come, a maturare alla perfezione (leggi anche senza una vera estate!).  L’ultima l’abbiamo – ahime’ – mangiata ieri sera.

I pomodori Costoluto Fiorentino, Black Cherry (o altri pomodori neri) ed i San Marzano.

I Costoluto, quando non vengono colpiti dalla peronospora (da notare che i pomodori a forma costoluta mi sembrano piu’ sensibili alle malattie funghine), hanno un sapore intenso e pomodoroso che adoro. Il miglior sugo di pomodoro che ho mai fatto e’ stato tre anni fa’, proprio con questi pomodori!

I San Marzano sono tra i favoriti per la prestazione. In una sola parola: affidabili. Pensate che siamo persino riusciti – dopo che una gelata tardiva nel maggio 2010 ci aveva distrutto tutti i trapianti da semenzaio – ad ottenere una raccolta da semina diretta (!! .. se non lo sapete ci troviamo a Londra). Nella mia esperienza hanno finora dimostrato un’ottima resistenza a malattie funghine ed una buona adattabilita’ (a dir poco) quando coltivati in condizioni di crescita non proprio ottimali.

I Black Cherry, insieme ad altri pomodori neri, sono invece al top per la particolarita’ del loro sapore: intenso, ricco e complesso. Molte varieta’ di color cioccolato/nero sono adatte per climi moderati o freschi. Qualcuna, come i Black Russian ed i Japanese Black Trifele, anche per quelli piu’ caldi.

Cavolo Cinese Sobi

Cavolo Cinese Sobi

Le zucchine Cocozzelle von Tripoli, produttive e saporite anche quando enormi (e si conservano relativamente bene). Ed ancora: il cavolo nero (versatile in cucina ed affidabile nell’orto), i fagioli Cherokee e Limka (entrambi buoni sia freschi che secchi), la barbabietola rossa Sanguina (la piu’ dolce e succosa finora provata), la lattuga Meraviglia delle 4 Stagioni (versatile e saporita), le cipolle primaverili White Lisbon (facili da coltivare), tutte le verdure orientali (in particolare Mizuna, Komatsuna, Mibuna, Green Wave, Giant Miike ed il cavolo cinese senza testa (loose-headed)), le cime dei piselli (quest’anno provero’ una varieta’ tipica per la coltivazione delle cime: la Sugar Flash), i piselli Golden Sweet (decorativi piselli mangiatutto) ed Avola (dolcissimi), i fagioli di Spagna Prizewinner (belli e buoni), le varieta’ antiche di rape da radice Goldenball (ottimo sapore dolce e nocciolato, non fibroso, anche se lento a crescere) e Snowball (ottima raccolta giovane, dopo circa 4 settimane dalla semina) ed anche la Noir d’Hiver (una varieta’ invernale a buccia nera, a crescita veloce e dal sapore eccellente), insieme al cavolo rapa Superschmelz (non fibroso anche quando ultra-maturo).

Eccovi ora la lista completa. Perdonatemi se ho lasciato le caratteristiche scritte in lingua inglese. Sono le note delle case di sementi e certo, penserete voi, avrei potuto anche tradurle…. Non era pero’ una tabella destinata ad essere pubblicata. Note: H = harvest, ovvero raccolta (seguito dal numero che puo’ indicare il mese oppure il numero di mesi dalla semina), oppure altezza se sono indicati i cm. (sembra confusionario ma non lo e’!); S = sowing, ovvero semina; Sux = semina in successione; per i pomodori COOL – MOD – WARM  = adatti ad un clima fresco – moderato – caldo.

  Varieta’/Cultivars Caratteristiche
Anguria Sugar Baby Più precoce di tutte le altre varieta’. Frutto di 3-4 Kg, sferico, buccia verde scurissimo, polpa rosso brillante, zuccherina
Barbabietola Detroit 2 H: June – October. One of the most popular standard varieties. Heavy yielding with very good taste.
  Sanguigna / Sanguina Seminare da marzo a luglio. Utilizzo da luglio a gennaio. H 3-4 months. Sow from March/April to late June. H young.
  Egitto migliorata Early round variety. Semi flat of medium dimensions with purple red flesh. Sow from Mar-end of Jul. H 2 months
Biete Leaf Beet Erbette A tasty traditional “cut and come again” leaf beet from Italy, with tender green leaves and stems. Not as hardy as perpetual spinach. H 7-1
  Chard White Silver 2 Sometimes known as silver chard or seakale beet. Reliably high yielding and delicious – a valuable dual-purpose vegetable. H 7-11
  Perpetual Spinach Worthwhile spinach-alternative which does not run to seed even on dry soils. High yields of large, dark, fleshy, tasty leaves produced over several months. Invaluable. H 7-11
  Rhubarb chard (Vulcan) H: July – November. A very decorative variety with startling bright red stems and contrasting foliage. Eat young in salads or steam.
Broccoli Sprouting Early Purple Hardy+early. H 7-8
Carote Early Nantes Early main crop. Can be sown successionally. Ideal variety to grow in planters if space is limited. H 7+
  Autumn King 2 S: March – August H: June – December. Still THE maincrop carrot – very hardy and keeps well in the ground until required
  Rodelika Strong growing variety with large leaves and good-sized long roots. Red/orange colour roots with a strong sweet taste. Good for storage.
Cavolfiore Verde Marchigiano Autumn cauliflower. Definitely pale green. H 10-11
  Snowball Dwarf. Moist, rich and well drained. H 7-10. Transpl 5 weeks after sowing.
Cavolo Pixie Spring green. S: January – July H: April onwards. Small but perfectly formed, it produces small, solid heads of fine flavour and texture. Early to mature, it can be planted very close if required for tender spring greens.
  Jersey Wakefield Compact, stand well thorugh summer, can be planted closely (30cm). Ideal raw. Sux every 4 weeks, 1cm deep. Out 5 after weeks. H 110gg. H 6-10
  Precoce de Louviers Pointy, quick. Sow autumn or spring.
  Asturian Tree Grows like cabbage, harvested like a kale. Very, very rare. Short lived perennial provided the flowers are removed as they form.
  Excel 2 Sow early July for autumn harvest, and sow late July-August for leafy greens for October to March. If left to stand, will produce hearted spring cabbages right up until June.
  Marner Lagerweiss White ballhead for delicious coleslaw and salads. Solid heads store well. Sow Apr-May, plant 60 cm apart, harvest October- December.
  January King Plant out before mid July, H from Dec. Very hard strain for winter cutting. Produces a solid purple-tinged head
Cavolo Nero di Toscana Delicious. Sow spring/summer for use late summer through into winter.
Cavolo rapa Superchmelz Traditional variety with pale green skin and white flesh. Can grow to a good size. Sux
Ceci Nero Rugoso di Cassano Do not like cold + clay soil. Harvest after 4-6 months
  Nero Liscio di Cassano Do not like cold + clay soil. Harvest after 4-6 months
Cereali Mixed Leaf Amaranth Best grow as tomatoes
  Quinoa H 9-10. Direct (30cm apart) or indoor.
Cetrioli Crystal Lemon Delightfully different. Vigorous and prolific production of easily-digested, round, pale fruits tasty enough to be eaten straight from the vine. For outdoor use. Sow in April and May. 
  Crystal Apple H 7-9 – 65gg
  Miniature White Best picked when 2in long. Soft thin skin, no bitter. Very compact, early, climbing or on the ground. Sweet, pretty, crunchy.
  Gherkin Hokus Suitable for outside if grown in a sunny, sheltered place. Good for pickling.
  Tanja High yielding outdoor variety with dark green slender fruits which are not bitter .
  Wautoma Provide some support outdoors, under cover quite happy on the ground or can be trained up netting to save space. Resistant to diseases. Picked small or big. Bitter free.
  Scopatizzo Barese Needs good drainage +sun. H: 3-4 months. Grow like melons
  Barattiere di Fasano Ritenuto il miglior carosello. Si puo’ raccogliere fino ad max 15cm diametro.Needs good drainage +sun. H: 3-4 months. Grow like melons.
  Mezzolungo di Polignano Mangiare senza sbucciare, strofinando I peletti. Va’ raccolto piccolo, prima che I semi si induriscano. Needs good drainage +sun. H: 3-4 months. Grow like melons.
Cicoria Palla Rossa 3  
  Rossa di Verona Forma una palla rossa; è tardiva, per consumo autunnale e invernale. Seminare entro giugno.
  Zuccherina di Trieste  
Cipolle Bedfordshire Champion S: January – February (I) March – April (O) H: August – September A favourite yielding large, well flavoured yellow to light brown globes. Excellent keeping qualities.
  Sturon Well-known reliable onion for early spring sowing, making large golden-brown bulbs that store quite well. If started early enough it can produce a really good crop of big bulbs.
  Paris Early White Very cool hardy and quite early. Can be sown 18th Aug for full size onions or in late spring for baby onions (3 months)
Cipolle (spring) White Lisbon Very quick growing spring onion. Can be sown successionally from February. NIAB recommended. H 12 weeks. Sow 1cm deep
  Spring Onion Lilia Dual purpose Italian variety with a pungent flavour. Best grown as a salad onion. Intense red inner core. Also grown as a maincrop, for storing bulb onion.
  Ishikura Fast growing bunching onion with long white stems and dark green leaves. Very winter hardy and can also be sown in late summer for over-wintering.
Erbe Basil Sweet S: All year (I) March – May (O) H: All year. Very large leaves and with a robust flavour.
  Basilico aromatico  
  Basilico Genovese  
  Basil Large Very large leaves. Sow under heat. Grow in warm, protected place
  Camomilla comune  
  Caraway Harvest seeds in second year. Depth 1-2cm – 5cm apart.
  Chives Hardy perennial
  Garlic Chives In or out. Full sun. Do not cut more than half the leaves and no lower than 5cm above soil
  Welsh Onion Perennial. Grown in the same way as chives. The taste is between the mild flavour of chives and the stronger one of onions. Height 30cm.
  Coriander Cilantro H 60. Sow direct. H 5+
  Coriander for seed Can be grow in pots. Bred for seed. 1.5cm deep.
  Dutch mammoth Dill Particularly large-growing strain from Holland.
  Dill Tetra Gives higher yield of fresh leaves than ordinary dill. Sow 2-3 cm deep.
  Finocchio Mantovano  
  Finocchio Romanesco  
  Fennel Sow direct
  Fennel Wild Hardier and produces seeds more readily in north than garden variety.
  Hyssop Anise Hardy. Sunny, well-drained sandy. Out when H 7cm. Cut back by 1/3 after F. H 14-16w
  Hop Flowers from female used in brewing. Flowers and leaves used in herb pillows to induce sleep. Climber. Need stratification to start germination: seed tray warm for 2-3 weeks followed by temperatures of 2-4°C for 4-5 weeks. Keep cool once germinated.
  Kintsai Sow indoor/outdoor from late spring to early autumn
  Lemon basil  
  Lemon Balm Sow outside.
  Lovage Sow March-May
  Marjoram Max 1.5mm. Also indoors and out as small clumps. Thin to 20cm. Can be transplanted
  Mint Peppermint  
  Origano  
  Par-cel Sow indoor from spring to mid-summer. Germination takes 10-21gg at 21C.
  Prezzemolo comune 2  
  Parsley Plain Leaved Stronger flavour than curled varieties. Sow sux
  Russian Tarragon Sow indoor March-April
  Sorrel French Large leaved.
  Summer Savory Sow indoor March-April. Good companion w/ onions and beans. Sun, hot, dry. Tonic, against flatulence when cooking beans. Rub x relief from wasp sting.
  Sweet Cicely Seed will not germinate without several months’ exposure to low temperatures.
  Thyme Sow in heated greenhouse, trap in pots. Out in May.
Fagioli Cherokee Early Pole Snap/Drying bean. Tall, purple flowers, rounded green/ red pods. Black seed.
  Goldfield Flat, fleshy, stringless, golden yellow pods. Early to mature, can be harvested throughout the summer. Excellent vigour and good resistance to Bean Mosaic Virus. Height: 180cm
  Limka Fast growing bean with large flat pods and a very fine taste. Can be grown under cover or outside. Sow from April with protection or May outside. H July onwards
  Borlotto di Vigevano H2m. Needs regular water esp duing floweringa. Ciclo medio-tardivo (80-120gg)
  Cosse Violette Rounded purple pods. Early Pole Snap. Tall, purple flowers, Stringless even when big.
  Meraviglia di Venezia Late variety
  Cannellino H 45-50cm a ciclo precoce (60-100gg), baccelli gialli quando maturi per lo sgrano. Facile da coltivare ma si avvantaggia di irrigazioni regolari e concimi. Necessita di climi caldi con media di almeno 20C.
  Cupidon Filet Green pods. A special, gourmet early/maincrop bush variety, that is long cropping. Good raw. Dual purpose.
  Minidor Yellow Bush bean with bright yellow pods. (i.e. a wax-podded type). The pods have a smooth buttery taste when cooked.
Soya Soya bean Envy Early 80 day, For Edamame or use freshly shelled or dried. Great flavour. H up to 2 feet tall. Sow @ temp 12C late April up to July – H 7-9 when pods start to lose their brightness. 4cm deep – 15cm apart
Fagioli Spagna Czar Hugely productive, tall and set long pods. It also makes fat white seeds that are easy to dry.
  St George British bred. RHS AGM. Bicoloured red and white flowered. Heavy yields. Pale green, smooth. Height: 3m
  Desiree Long, stringless fleshy pods with exceptional flavour. White flowering, crops very heavily.
  Prizewinner Long fleshy pods of fine quality and good flavour, red flowering. Beans violet, with black spots. If allowed to dry can be harvested as ‘butter’ beans.
Fave Witkiem(W) Solid, sturdy plants. One of the earliest to crop from spring sowing. Excellent yield and quality. Sow from March to early May. H from June before pods become tough.
  Aquadulce Longpod(Claudia)(W) Traditional broad bean, hardy enough to sow in autumn for an early crop the next year. Early and tall (3 feet). H 6-8. BEST sow early spring as maincrop.
  Green Windsor (G) Green beans with superior, old fashioned flavour in short pods. Good for freezing. BEST grown late (late april/early May). Tall, least hardy, harvest young. H 7-8
  The Sutton(W) Ideal for succession sowing or for late season. (45cm). In 15-20C. H 6-9. 5cm deep.
  Crimson Flowered (R) Heritage. Good crop of short, upright pods and delicious beans. Ideal for growing in containers as well as in the garden, or as an ornamental edible in the flower border. (90cm). BEST sown late May for catch cropping during late summer.
  Wizard Field Bean(W) Smaller, more robust. ‘Wizard’ is modern, pale-skinned variety.Tasty. Very hardy. Good for an autumn sowing in October.
  Tre Cocci  
Lattuga Cindy For spring and summer cultivation. Fast growing and forms a medium size headwith a light green colour. The taste is mildly aromatic with a nutty aftertaste. Sow 18C
  Devils Tongue Large, upright with glowing red/purple oval leaves. Quick. No bolting, no bitter in heat.
  Flashy Butter Oak Big, vigorous oakleaf type. Ideal for picking a few leaves at a time.
  Grandpa Butterhead Stunning bicolour butterhead
  Little Gem One of the earliest to mature. Small compact w/ crisp, sweet heart. Grows well under cloches and also has excellent root aphid resistance.
  Lobjoits Green Cos S: March – July H: June – September. One of the larger cos lettuces, it is very upright and yields good sized hearts of tip-top flavour and texture. Can be cut over a long season.
  Meraviglia  
  Mixed Mild Salad Leaves H 4-10. Subtle mix of flavours/ textures as baby leaves. Larger generally stronger flavour.
  Salad Leaf Blend of butterhead, cos, crisp and loose types. CCA. H 10 weeks. 20mm dee. Sux
  Red Salad Bowl  
  Romana Verde  
  Winter Marvel  
  Winter Valdor Very hardy for winter in unheated greenhouse or outside. For spring cutting.
Mais True Gold Soil temp +12C. 15mm deep. H in mid ripe stage. H up to 2m
Melone Hales Best Jumbo An early maturing oval shaped melon with tasty, light orange flesh
  Petit Gris de Rennes Early with low heat requirement. 400-year old variety. Very sweet, with a really good flavour and texture.
Pastinaca White Gem Sow from March until mid May. Sweet and tender roots. Suitable for all soil types, performs best on clay. Roots aremedium-long.
Peperoni California Wonder S: February – April under glass H: July – October. Thick-walled red and green sweet peppers. Biggest crops are produced in the greenhouse but also grows well outdoors.
  Hungarian Hot Wax Forms long smooth pointed bright yellow-green waxy fruits. These turn red when fully ripe. The taste becomes hotter when the fruits mature. Plants are 60 cm high.
  Purple Beauty Great both cooked or raw, truly purple, and early.
  Quadrato d’Asti rosso  
  Ring o Fire A mass of long, thin pointed pods which mature from green to red and are very HOT! Sow January to March. 
  Sunnybrook  
  Kaibi Round No 2 Best-flavoured, meatiest pepper we have. Plants are very quickly covered in medium-sized juicy red bells, with very thick crisp flesh, and a particularly satisfying flavour. They are also excellent used green earlier in the season.
Piselli Champion of England Really good, traditional tall pea to 8 – 10 ft, dating from the 1840’s. 8 to 10 per pod, start picking from the bottom and work your way up. Prefers to be sown at the end of April to avoid the pea moth maggot. Takes about 100 days to reach 10 ft.
  Charmette Truly gourmet ‘petit pois’. Productive. Meant to be picked young and cooking only lightly. Exceptionally tender and well-flavoured. Needs little or no support if grown in double rows as the plants only grow to around 2ft tall. Early gourmet pea, very rare.
  Senatore Medio tardivo (120-180gg), sviluppo medio con altezze di 100-120cm. Usare sostegni.Baccello 9-10cm verde chiaro con piselli rugosi.
  Telephone Late variety with an intense green, straight pod around 11cm long. Climber. Sow Feb-May and Sep-Nov
  Golden Sweet Superb mangetout. Beautiful. Tall productive vines and a delicious crisp flavour. Very sweet eaten fresh or cooked. Rare variety.
  Asparagus Pea  
Piselli (bush) Avola A very early variety, suitable for freezing. Maturity 55-60 days, 1-2pods per node,7-8 peas per pod. Resistant to fusarium wilt race 1. Ht 60cm. Sux every 2 weeks. 5 cm deep
  Wando Noted for its ability to grow in hot dry conditions, also tolerant of cold for early sowing. Very sweet, 8-10 peas per pod. Ht 75cm. Sux every 2 weeks
  Sugarsnap Sugar Flash Early (H 9 w). Stringless, juicy, sweet pea pods, each around 7cm in length. Good heat tolerance during hot summer and powdery mildew resist. Can be picked as a Mangetout just as the ‘peas’ begin to swell, but best left until swollen in the pods for maximum sweetness eaten whole. Height: 70cm.
Piselli (dry) Latvian Soup Very tall and productive soup pea.
  Ezeta’s Productive tall pea with purple pods. Pick early for a colourful mange-tout, later for fresh peas or allow to mature for an excellent drying pea.
Pomodori (indet) Red Brandy Wine Old variety from America with large, irregular shaped fleshy fruit with an excellent flavour. 85gg. Often cracks at shoulders. MOD
  Garden Pearl  
  Marmande  
  San Marzano 2  
  Roma vf 78gg. Compact bush. MOD
  Gardener’s Delight MOD+COOL –Large ‘cherry’ tomatoes with very good flavou. Indeterminate so requires support. 75gg
  Costoluto Genovese WARM+MOD. Relatively thick skin, ideal for grilling. Sunny, sheltered spot. Height: 200cm. 78gg
  Tigerella WARM+MOD. Completely greenback free. It crops heavily and over three weeks earlier than ‘Moneymaker’. The rich, tangy fruits have a unique flavou. Height: 200cm. 55-75gg
  Black Russian COOL-MOD-WARM.Medium sized black tomatoes grow on compact plants. Old variety with a rich, complex flavour. Height: 200cm. 78gg. Can be prone to splitting.
  Black Cherry MOD-COOL.Exotic-looking, blackish-purple skinned cherry tomato with dark red flesh and a complex, exceptionally sweet and juicy flavour. Cordon variety producing an abundance of early ripening fruit on vigorous plants. Perfect for containers or planters in the greenhouse or on the patio. Height: 200cm. 75gg. Can be prone to splitting.
  San Marzano Lungo Dry, meaty flesh. Early to ripen and crops well over a long season. Height: 200cm. 75gg
  Harbinger Traditional English variety. Highly productive over long period, medium-sized fruit, thin-skinned, very good flavour.
  Black pear A beautiful Pear shaped heirloom variety with fruit weighing 4 – 6oz with a rich tasting flavour. Potato leaf foliage. Indert. 80gg
  Black prince Siberian heirloom tomato originally from Irkutsk. The 5oz fruit are round and a dark chocolatey-brown! Large early crops of rich, sweet tomatoes. Indert. 70gg
  Black plum MOD-COOL. Produces heaps of small elongated fruit with a deep sweet taste. 70?-85gg
  Black from Tula Great Russian tomato that produces large, shiny, dark fruit. Serious competitor for the best tasting tomato. It has rich, sweet and spicy, old-fashioned tomato taste, one of our absolute favourites. Big healthy vines. Indeterm. 70-80gg
  Orange banana MOD-COOL. Beautiful orange paste-type tomatoes 6 – 10cm long with pointed ends. Plants are very vigorous, producing enormous yields of sweetly-flavoured fruit. Also good for drying. Indet. 80gg
  Japanese Black Trifele WARM-MOD-COOL.Originally from Estonia, this potato leaf plant produces tomatoes that are the shape and size of a pear with a beautiful dark purple colour; the fruit are unblemished with perfect smooth skin and no cracks. Deep flavour. Indet. 80-90gg. Sublime with all the richness of fine chocolate. Split-resistant skin.
  Lollipop Produces pale yellow, slightly translucent cherry tomatoes. The fruit are sweet and fruity. Indet. 80gg
  Striped roman These long, pointed red fruit have wavy orange stripes. Perfect midsized beauty with brilliant colour, meaty flesh and excellent flavour. Indet. 80-90gg
  Riesentraube MOD-COOL. This German heirloom variety which means giant bunch of grapes has bunches of 20 to 40 small, oval red fruit with pointed ends. The vines have many branches that become covered with fruit. The rich flavour more often found in larger tomatoes is excellent. Indet. 80gg
  Pink oxheart This Hungarian heirloom has excellent flavour, the meaty, large tomatoes provide lots of solid good eating and very few seeds. The fruit is pink heart-shaped tomatoes and can weigh up to 500g. Quite productive for an oxheart type. Good all-purpose. Indet. 70-85gg
  (Wild) Golden Currant Produces numerous small, sweet, yellow fruits, harvest is possible until the first frosts. Very vigorous plants, one plant easily covers one square meter or more.
Pomodori (det) Principe Borghese MOD. Pianta semi-nana. Determinata: i sostegni non sono indispensabili. DET 70-75gg
  Latah BUSH. Very early. Untidy sprawling bush.
  Cream sausage A RARE variety, an elongated shape that is creamy white to pale yellow in colour with a sweet flavour. The bushy plants are quite productive. DET. 70-80gg
Porri Lyon 2 (Prizetaker) S: January – April H: September – December. A popular early strain with long, thick white stems of fine flavour.
  Kong Richard Early. Can be lifted by July from very earliest sowing, easily stand until Christmas from later sowing. Can also be grown close together for mini leeks, best H by 12 as less hardy
  Nipper British bred. Fast growing, ideal as ‘baby leeks’ (in just 10 weeks). Sow them thickly and lift the leeks as they reach spring onion size for a delicious ‘out of season’ crop.
  Musselburgh S: March – April H: October – March. A splendid Victorian variety. A mid season leek with thick, rather short stems of very good flavour. Very hardy and totally reliable.
Radici varie Raponzolo Classico ortaggio selvatico ricco di principi aromatici, da consumare radice e foglia. Le radici sono tenere, croccanti, bianche, carnose, lunghe 3-8 cm circa. Si raccolgono a fine inverno, ancora piccole e si gustano, insieme alle foglie, in insalata, condendo con aceto di vino preferibilmente caldo e olio. Semina: per distribuire bene i semi, mescolarli con 20 volte il loro volume di sabbia di fiume asciutta e seminare a spaglio in luoghi freschi in primavera. Comprimere bene il terreno senza ricoprire il seme.
  Root Parsley It has a mild flavour and is slightly sweet, but not strong like parsnip
Rapa da radice Purple Top Milan S: March – July (O) H: May – October. Quick to mature and good for early sowings. The white, flat roots with purple tops have an excellent flavour. Frost tolerant.
  Red Early Flat-top Traditional variety from France, an excellent one to sow early for the first turnips of the year. It makes nicely round, slightly flattened roots in about 40 days.
  Snowball Suitable for early sowing. Fast maturing. Esp delicate when picked young (4 weeks after sowing, try if best early summer to late autumn). Becaomes tough if left too long.
  Goldana Fast growing yellow turnip for spring and summer sowing. Tasty and productive
  Golden Ball Very hardy strain for autumn sowing if required. Good tasting golden flesh when H early. NIAB recommended. H 2 months. Nutty w/ hint bitter almond. Sweet w/out fibres. Hardy. Keeps well. Slow to establish
  Giant Limousin Reputed to be the most productive of all old French traditional varieties. Maincrop round-ball white type. Sown in Spring, it will come ready just after midsummer. Can also be resown around mid summer for harvest in Autumn. Fab flavour, a bit less ‘turnipy’, with no hardness even when large.
  Petrowski Particularly sweet and mild. Does well from a spring or late-summer sowing. It is one of the best turnips. Leaves are really nice too. H 2-3 months
  Noir d’Hiver A quick maturing winter turnip with medium long, cylindrical, black skinned roots. The white flesh is sweet with excellent flavour and frost resistant.
Ravanelli China Rose Long rose-pink roots with pure white flesh. Can be harvested in autumn and stored. Succession sow from June to September. H 4-6 weeks
  French Breakfast 3 S: February – September H: March – October. Red radish, tipped with white. Crisp, mild.
  Red Flesh Hardy Withstands cold weather, standing well in the ground without damage. Very mild.H 1 month
  Long White Icicle Different type of radish. Long, white roots with a tasty mild radish flavour and a crisp texture. Ideal for slicing in salads and easy to grow inside and out. H 1 month
  Saxa Round, red salad radish. Sow Feb-Apr and Aug-Sep. H after 2 months
  Minowase Summer Cross Radice candida, lunga fino a 40 cm. con diametro di 5 cm. circa, buccia liscia senza anellature. Polpa tenera, croccante, di gusto delizioso. Ama terreni soffici, leggeri anche sabbiosi. Seminare rado, diradare a cm. 15 fra pianta e pianta, innaffiare di frequente. Sono da preferirsi semine molto precoci. Seminare a fine estate per avere la produzione in autunno-inverno. H 2-3 mesi
  Munchen Bier  
  Mooli Mino Early H: August – November. Long, white roots with a mild flavour and crunchy texture. Great for stir-fries or use grated raw in salads. Excellent source of vitamin C and fibre.
Rutabaga Green Top Yellow root with green top. Long keeping variety chosen as being particularly tasty and with good texture. More cold-resistant than others. Big roots from early sowing.
  Joan It is a great swede with yellow-fleshed, sweet round roots that are purple on top. It has good club-root resistance too.H 10-11
Scarola Scarola Bubikopf 3  
Spinaci New Zealand Spinach Crops over a long season, very drought resistant. A low growing plant spreading to up to 1 mtr. Easily grown even on the poorest soil. Soak seeds12 hours then under glass at 15C.  Later sowings direct 2cm deep thinned to 45cm apart with 60cm between rows.
  Early Prickly Seed Fast growing spinach. Sow before end of March or after mid August in very fertile, moist
  Butterflay Very robust plant w/ rich green leaves. For spring/autumn/winter. Slow to bolt
Varie Calaloo Grown as tomato plants. Hardier when bigger. Best started in trays in April. Slow at first. 2 foot tall. Pick entire last 3 inches of shoot.
  Cima di Rapa 60  
  Corn Salad Louviers Sow in August and September outside or in October in cold frames or greenhouse. Spoon-shaped leaves with a beautiful dark green colour. Good yield and extremely good flavour.
  Good King Henry Sow indoor March-April; outdoor April-May
  Orach Red Delicious raw or cooked. Picked young leaves are a tasty addition to salads or they can be grown on and cooked like spinach. SOW in pots at 16-18°C. H from 6 weeks
  Rucola coltivated Very easy to grow, sow Feb – Oct for continuous harvest. Less strong than common rocket
  Rucola selvatica  
  Watercress Sow outdoor thinly, 1.5cm deep, March-August
  Winter Purslane Leaves used raw in salads. Thrive in cool conditions, even in poor, light soils. Sow in rows 20 cm apart. Harvest from late autumn until spring.
Verdure Orientali Green Wave Thrives in cool weather, relatively tolerant of heat. Can be sown both in spring & after midsummer. Really cool-hardy. Hot and spicy raw, tasty and mild cooked.
  Komatsuna Sow in situ or seedbed or pots. Cooked or raw. Cold tolerant, easy, quick (30-70gg). Versatile. Drought and cold resistant.
  Mispoona Late March/early April indoor or in situ from April.Combines bolt-resistance of Mizuna with big leaves of Tatsoi. Can sow in spring or midsummer. Very quickly.
  Mizuna Use the leaves raw in salads or stir-fry. Sow from May until August outside or use cover for early or late sowings. Sow in rows 15 cm apart.
  Mizuna Early Sow in situ. Tolerant of both hot and cold without bolting. Harvest w/in 3-4 weeks. Long cropping. High returns from a small space.
  Namenia For two cuts sow early and dense, or with wider spacing and harvest a larger plant (like endive).
  Shungiku Seedlings and young shoots have strong aromatic flavour for use in stir fries, salads or cooked like spinach. Becomes bitter if allowed to flower.
  Mitsuba  
  Pak Choi Green Boy Quick (5 weeks). Also raw. Can also be sown in spring.
  Pak Choi Santoh Super-quick, ready 30 – 40 days after sowing. Can even be sown in Spring. Also good raw. Resistant to bolting.
  Pak Choi Taisai Fast growing leaf cabbage with celery type light-green leaves and wide midrib.
  Dragon’s Tongue Sweet when young, very big and productive. As it gets bigger it gets hotter raw, and then is really nice cooked, leaving just a slight spicy tingly richness in the flavour. 
  Giant Red Mustard Cut as baby leaf at 15cm or leave to reach 45cm. Very attractive with tasty hot mustard flavour. Sow under cover from late March or outside from April to September
  Serifon Popular in Japan but native of China, Serifon has broad green leaves with jagged margins and a slightly pungent flavour. Vigorous and cold hardy. Sow March to October
  Tatsoi Rosette forming variety with broad, spoon shaped leaves.
  Tsoi Sim Very easy and quick catch-crop. H 3-4 weeks. All parts have a fab flavour. Quick to bolt. Sow repeatedly ESP after midsummer. Also late autumn under cover
  Yukina Savoyed Very quick growing, sown either in early spring or after midsummer. Good flavour either in salads or cooked.
  Medium Mibuna In situ or start in trays. Needs fertile soil. Quick and easy CCA salad for cooler weather. Likely to bolt in hot weather. H from 4-5 weeks on. Flowering shoots nice to eat too.
  Cabbage Pe Tsai  
  Giant Miike Use cooked. Ready in about 3 months and can weigh up to 5 lbs!
  Green in Snow Grown for hot leaves for use in salads and stir-fry. Frost hardy. Pick when young for baby leaf or allow to mature when the leaves get hotter
  Osaka Purple Cool hardy. Saw after mid-summer. Vigourous. Hot and spicy raw, tasty and mild cooked
  Chinese salad cabbage Sobi Very quick. Great raw or cooked. Particularly tasty stir-fried, also good for winter & early spring salad stuff
  Chinese salad Bekana Cool-weather plant. Sow from 2nd week of June on.Start in trays or in situ and thin. Needs fertile soil. Quick growing. Taste more like Pak-choi than cabbage.
  Zha Cai Slightly tricky timing-wise. when we grow it outdoors it doesn’t make the knobbly bits
  Texel Green  
Zucche Burgess Buttercup Excellent flavour, green squash, very dense with good texture
  Red Kuri / Uchiki Kuri Trailing habit. Grows small orange, excellent tasting pumpkins of 1-1.5 kg fruit weight, which store well. 4cm deep
  Anna Swartz Big vines and fast growing. Very hard skin. Keeps very well. Very sweet and dense flesh.
  Green Hokkaido Our favourite squash thanks to its dry and nutty flavoured orange-yellow flesh. Sow from April and harvest before the first frost. Stores well, up to February from a September harvest.
  Green Kuri Trailing habit. Grows small green pumpkins of 1-1.5 kg fruit weight. Orange fruit flesh and excellent taste. Suitable for long term storage.
  Hokkaido Earliest and easiest group of squash to grow in the UK. The flesh is dense, with a good flavour, and it keeps well
  Patisson Blanc Patty-pan Old French heirloom. Cut when young (about 3 inches across) and cooked or fried just like a courgette. Flavour is a little richer and more substantial than courgettes, w/ slight ‘nutty’ taste.
  Straightneck Yellow An excellent squash with pale yellow fruits. Earlier and heavier yielding than crookneck types.
Zucchine Alba  
  Cocozelle von Tripolis Bush type plant which produces good yield of long, light and dark green striped fruit. Very aromatic and tender. Indoor at min 20C.
  Zucchini S: March – May (I) April – May (O) H: July – October. Excellent performer. Gives good crop of dark green, tasty courgettes for many weeks through the summer.
  Black Beauty Compact bush type plants with long dark green fruits. Medium early.

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